|EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound)||
|CT (Computed Tomography) Scan||
|MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)||
|PET (Positron Emission Tomography)||
The tumor is contained within the pancreas and has not spread to other lymph nodes, organs or blood vessels. Stage I can be further characterized into Stage IA and Stage IB. Stage IA is when tumors are 2cm or less in size, and stage IB is when tumors are between 2-4cm in size. Stage I tumors are usually resectable, meaning they can be surgically removed.
The tumor has spread outside the pancreas, to nearby blood vessels and/or lymph nodes (no more than 3). Again, there are two sub-stages within Stage II; Stage IIA and Stage IIB. In Stage IIA, the tumor is larger than 4cm but has NOT spread to nearby lymph nodes. In Stage IIB, the tumor HAS spread to nearby lymph nodes. Stage II tumors can be resectable or borderline resectable. Borderline rectable tumors may not be able to be surgically removed as they may have just spread to nearby blood vessels.
The tumor has either spread to 4 or more nearby lymph nodes or grown into a major blood vessel but has not spread to another part of the body. Stage III tumors are usually unresectable, meaning they cannot be removed by surgery.
The cancer has metastasized, or spread, to another part of the body, such as the liver, lungs, bones or abdominal wall. The tumor(s) may be any size and may or may not have spead to nearby lymph nodes. This stage is also called metastatic cancer and is unresectable.